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Understanding the GEF

And whatever the GEF has done, it has not interfered with the expansionist dynamic of US-led corporate capitalism and its allies in the 1990s. For as Nicholas Hildyard put it in 1998,

' Whose environment gets degraded and whose protected is never the outcome of rational policy making - of weighing up costs and benefits and reaching a decision. It is the outcome of the balance of political forces at any given moment - and of the cunning use of political space by a range of contingent alliances amongst political, economic and social actors'.

19 The last definition listed is taken from an official GEF document, but most are unofficial personal views - often expressed 'off the record'. In general the interviewees quoted in these pages are not identified unless they spoke as the public face of an institution.

20 Writing in 'The GEF- a Self Assessment'